Ukraine should not only promptly make changes to the section X of the Constitution on the status of the Crimea, but also develop and adopt appropriate laws that regulate the work of the institutions created by the Crimean Tatar autonomy. This will allow Ukraine to be prepared and persuasive at the right time for international discussions on the Crimea. The corresponding statement was by the Head of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people, People's Deputy of Ukraine Refat Chubarov at the conference "Perspectives of development of the state policy on the occupied territories of Ukraine" on March 27, QHA reports.
Chubarov noted the need to expand the sphere of development and adoption of further legal acts that will be relevant after amending the Constitution of Ukraine: laws on elections of the representative body of autonomy (its name is still being discussed, but the Mejlis of the Crimean people use the term "Verkhovna Rada of the Crimea"), on elections to the parliament of autonomy, on the government of autonomy and the like.
According to Chubarov, these laws will give an answer regarding the future of the Crimea both to Ukrainian society as a whole and international partners, as well as explain and strengthen Ukraine's position in international negotiations.
“When the real solution of the Crimean problem, the restoration of Ukrainian sovereignty, begins we will have to engage in this discussion, this, so to say, fight, with already adopted laws, which will give a clear answer to the Ukrainian society, the Crimean Tatar people, all people living in the Crimea, our international partners about how the Crimea will develop after the restoration of Ukraine's sovereignty over the peninsula," Chubarov said.
He also offered the opinion that Russia continues to introduce such formulas for resolving the conflict over the territorial integrity of Ukraine into the international environment, under which it reserves Crimea. And that is why the adoption of legislative acts on the status of Crimea is quite relevant now.
According to the Head of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people, it is advisable to discuss and implement changes in the status of the Crimea right now, without waiting for de-occupation, since with determination of Crimea's status the state receives an effective mechanism for the return of the peninsula to Ukrainian sovereignty.
At present, proposals to amend the X section of the Constitution are at the stage of approval by the working group, and then must be approved by the Constitutional Commission.
Refat Chubarov also presented the main principles that are laid in the proposed amendments to the Constitution:
1) The right of the Crimean Tatars to self-determination should become the source of the special status of the Crimean Tatar autonomy.
2) The Constitution of the Crimea is approved in consultation with the Qurultay of the Crimean Tatar people.
3) The Crimean Tatar language should be used in all spheres of life along with the state Ukrainian language, with the exception of special areas where only the state language is used (military sphere, order protection).
4) The minimum representation of the Crimean Tatars in the Crimean Parliament (one third of the total number) should be guaranteed.
5) The status of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people must be enshrined in the Constitution.
6) To envisage the principle of prior coordination with the indigenous people in making important decisions concerning the Crimea, on the basis of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
According to Chubarov, the creation of the Crimean Tatar autonomy will not lead to any restrictions on the rights of other ethnic communities living on the peninsula. Changes in the Constitution are prescribed in such a way as to prevent either the dominance of the ethnic majority or the ultimatums on the part of the ethnic minority.
“These norms should establish real safeties to prevent violations of state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine in the Crimea. What we propose does not in any way limit the rights of other communities in the Crimea, but presupposes such mechanisms for the balance of interests of all ethnic communities in the Crimea. We tried to ensure that all our amendments corresponded to the principle that the ethnic majority cannot dominate, and the ethnic minority does not put ultimatums," he said.
At the same time, the People's Deputy noted that the Ukrainian state needs to actively promote the issue of the Crimea, to keep it on the world agenda on a par with the situation in the east of Ukraine.
“Now the Crimean issue is on its respective place in international politics mostly due to the public, due to the Mejlis, to the Maidan of Foreign Affairs. At the state level, we cannot achieve mechanisms with our partners, so that Crimea is on the agenda on a par with eastern Ukraine," he said.
Earlier, Chubarov noted that now there are no political forces or politicians in Ukraine who would openly oppose the creation of the Crimean Tatar autonomy.