Representative of the Ukrainian Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights Mikhail Chaplyga told the QHA correspondent about the details of the tough resolution "The situation with human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea," which was discussed at the Third Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The document on human rights violations in the Crimea is to be considered at the UN General Assembly in late December. In particular, the resolution refers to the return of members of the Mejlis, who are banned from entering the territory of the Crimea, which is their home.
“It is more specific than the previous resolutions. The document contains one and a half pages of specific recommendations and requirements for the Russian Federation. Among other issues, it raises the question of abolition of the decision to declare the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people an extremist organization and to prohibit its activities. Moreover, it speaks of the infringement of educational and religious organizations. The document also states that the representatives of the Crimean Tatar people and the Mejlis leadership are allowed to the peninsula. That is, the resolution says that Russia allowed representatives of the Mejlis to come to their Fatherland," Chaplyga said.
According to Mikhail Chaplyga, the Russian Federation is in fact violating the convention on the rights to communicate with family, forbidding the Head of the Mejlis Refat Chubarov to visit his relatives in the Crimea.
“The resolution calls for Russia to conduct a detailed investigation into the disappearances and beatings of people on the peninsula, to find the perpetrators and to punish them. Regarding the judiciary, the UN demands to deal with the courts, where even hints of just decisions were not made,” Chaplyga said.
He believes that Russia will not comply with any decisions of international bodies. However, the adoption of such resolutions is a good argument in the diplomatic game with the western allies of Ukraine.
“Unfortunately, these resolutions are of a recommendatory nature. They will not be realized right away, since there is no control mechanism for their execution. Therefore, it is rather a big bargaining chip of Ukrainian and foreign diplomats who can use it for diplomatic pressure on Russia,” he considers.
In his opinion, Russia, for its part, creates parallel Crimean Tatar pseudo-organizations, and also tries to intimidate the indigenous people of Crimea through public searches.
“It is necessary to prepare for a long strategic game and be a tactical state, carrying out a well-balanced policy on international platforms, and only then Ukraine will get good results,” the representative of the Ombudsman said.
According to the resolution, the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly also condemns the illegal establishment of the laws, jurisdiction and management of the Russian Federation in the occupied Crimea, and demands Russia to comply with its obligations under international law in respect of the laws that were in force in the Crimea prior to occupation.
The document also calls on the Russian Federation to ensure the availability of education in the Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar languages.
As reported, the representatives of 40 countries joined the work on the draft of the updated UN resolution on the Crimea.