The report systematized and analyzed information on enforced disappearances in the territory of Crimea in the period from February 27, 2014 to December 31, 2016.
According to the report, 43 cases were recorded over three years. 17 of the abducted persons were released, 18 were not found and are considered missing, 6 were found dead and 2 people were imprisoned.
“We understood that information is not enough, and the cases are very scattered. We had two purposes - to describe each case in detail and to understand whether they are systematic. We also do not rule out that the real number of cases is bigger," the co-author of the report Evgenia Andreyuk noted.
Apart from abductions in the Crimea, many cases of illegal detentions and murders are recorded, but they were not included in this report, since it is based on the Convention on Enforced Disappearances, ratified by Ukraine in August 2015.
Human rights defenders identified two periods that differ in the objects and methods of kidnapping:
1. February-June 2014. 23 abductions were recorded, of which 19 are civil activists. It is noted that of 19 cases 17 occurred in the period from March 3 to 16, that is, before the "referendum".
“We can confidently say that it was planned and targeted policy. The abductions were committed by representatives of "self-defense", Cossacks and police," Maria Kvitsinskaya, co-author of the report, said.
Five people abducted during this period have not yet been found: they are Vasily Chernysh, Ivan Bondarets, Valery Vashchuk, Timur Shaimardanov, Seyran Zinedinov. And a well known case in the same period is the abduction of Reshat Ametov who was later was found dead.
2. June 2014 - December 31, 2016. Of the 20 abducted 13 were not found, five were found dead, two people were imprisoned. The cases are of a different nature - now they are committed in secret, and it is difficult to establish direct involvement of law enforcement bodies.
“Abductions occur within the repressive policies and coincide with systemic suppression of the disloyal population, especially the Crimean Tatars. During this period, there are no cases of the abducted people released or the kidnappers leaving any messages. In addition, of these 20 abducted people 16 are Crimean Tatars," Eugenia Andreiuk noted.
The report contains a list of persons who, according to human rights activists, are involved in disappearances. Among them are Sergei Aksenov, Sergei Tsekov, Mikhail Sheremet, Nikolai Doluda, Igor Bezler, Olga Kulygina and others.
"Forcible abductions are an international crime, therefore, first of all, this is the international individual criminal responsibility of everyone committing the abduction," Andreuk stressed.
Human rights defenders intend to forward the collected information to the General and Military Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine, Interpol, the International Court of Justice, as well as to state and international legal organizations of other countries.